Hotel Europeo e Flowers: Touristic areas
Naples’s underground passages represents one of the most fascinating and mysterious locations in the world. In the depths of the city lie captivating secret passages, tanks, catacombs and aqueducts for a surface view that reaches over 600,000 square meters. All the cavities bring back ancient times when men mined to find the coveted yellow Neapolitan “tufo” (a type of stone). Then the tunnels became catacombs, pagan caves or aqueducts. And during World War II, underground Naples was used as an antiaircraft refuge.
Through the course of time, the depth of the underground tunnels grew while on the surface a grand city was developing with its buildings and castles. And so, Naples was constructed with the same stone from its subsoil with a “geological continuity” that perhaps is unique throughout the world. In some people’s opinion, this practice could have rendered the city more “elastic” saving itself from many earthquakes because the seismic wave would result much softer thanks to the subsoil cavities.
First the Greeks and then the Romans carried out the underground aqueducts Bolla and Claudio; a sophisticated plumbing system that guaranteed the water supply to the city all the way up to the year 1883, adding up to a good 2300 years.
Scavi di S. Lorenzo Maggiore
The excavations are visible in various archeological levels: the remainder of paleochristian basilicas, a structure of Norman origin, a structure from the 4th century BC, recognized as like the macellum that had the entrance to the plateia (audience area) from Via Tribunali. Other parts of the complex are visible from the cloister of the church San Lorenzo Maggiore. It is thought that at the end of the 5th century AC it was invaded by a flood that brought in a casting of mud.
The Ancient Aqueducts
From the locations under San Paolo and Sant’Anna di Palazzo it is possible to visit a zone of the “città sotterranea” (underground city) that extends under beneath San Gregorio Armeno. One of the most important works achieved during the ancient Roman times by Augusto was the aqueducts which add up to be longer than 170 kilometers. From the artificial basin Serino source, the water reached Naples and then ended in Miseno at the Piscina Mirabilis. The aqueduct ran in part in tunnels, and also in open brick arches, in the so-called Ponti Rossi. In the city, the system of distribution was completely underground.
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